International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 1 January-February 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of February to publish your research paper in the issue of January-February.

Knowledge of Postnatal Danger Signs and Associated Factors among Mothers in Nepal

Author(s) Indira Adhikari (Poudel)
Country Nepal
Abstract BACKGROUND: The postpartum period is crucial, and it is essential to recognize warning signs. Unfortunately, maternal mortality rates remain high due to postpartum complications, especially in developing countries like Nepal. Many mothers are not aware of postnatal warning signs, which can delay them from seeking necessary medical care and increase the risk of maternal mortality. The main objective of study to identify mothers' knowledge of postnatal danger signs and the relevant factors.

METHOD: A study was conducted in Chitwan, covering three municipalities: Madi, Rapti, and Ratnanagar. A stratified proportionate-based simple random sampling technique was used to recruit 527 mothers for the study. Data was collected through face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire, and statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS version 21. A multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the factors associated with the knowledge of postnatal danger signs. 

RESULT: Out of the total respondents, only 209 (39.7%) demonstrated good awareness regarding postpartum danger signs. To be considered informed, a woman must be able to list at least three common warning signs. However, the majority of respondents consistently identified vaginal bleeding as a dangerous sign postpartum. The study found that modern health care seeking behavior (AOR=1.63, 95% CI:1.04-2.55), occupation in service (AOR=3.19, 95% CI:1.39-7.29), and time to reach the health facility (AOR=1.96, 95% CI:1.18-3.25) were significantly associated with knowledge of postnatal danger signs. Of these, 67 (12.7%) faced postnatal danger signs during their postpartum period. Among those, the majority (39 or 7.4%) had a good practice of seeking a health facility for care and treatment.

CONCLUSION: It is encouraging that mothers become more aware of postnatal danger signs despite their initial low level of awareness. Factors such as the mother's age, occupation, educational background, age of marriage and first childbirth, number of ANC visits, and healthcare-seeking behavior are significantly associated with their awareness of postnatal danger signs. Therefore, healthcare providers should focus on these factors to improve the mothers' knowledge of postnatal danger signs.
Keywords Danger signs; Postnatal; Associated; Factors; Mothers, Nepal
Field Sociology > Health
Published In Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024
Published On 2024-01-20
Cite This Knowledge of Postnatal Danger Signs and Associated Factors among Mothers in Nepal - Indira Adhikari (Poudel) - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i01.11984
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