International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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Vaccination Coverage and Awareness Level for Hepatitis B among the Nursing Students of Government Nursing College, Bhavnagar - A Cross Sectional Study

Author(s) Vijay Sondarva, Bansi Trivedi, Mantasha Mansuri, Manthan Shah
Country India
Abstract Introduction:
Vaccination against HBV infection among healthcare workers is important because of their daily exposure to patient’s body fluids and the possible risk of transmission to others. Reports from Health Ministry of India indicate that only 16-60% of healthcare workers have received complete HBV immunization. Paramedics have a higher risk of HBV transmission and receive HBV vaccination less often than doctors. So, we conducted this study among the nursing students of Govt. Nursing College of Bhavnagar to estimate their vaccination status and awareness regarding Hepatitis B infection and vaccine.

Objectives: Among the Nursing students of Government Nursing College Bhavnagar,
1. To estimate the status of hepatitis B vaccination
2. To estimate the level of awareness regarding Hepatitis B infection
3. To identify the reasons for being completely unvaccinated or partially vaccinated with Hepatitis B vaccine

Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among the 213 nursing students of Govt. Nursing College of Bhavnagar. The details about study were given to them in classroom, Informed consent and data of study was collected in structured questionnaire. Analysis was done in MS excel 2021.
Result & Conclusion: Among the participants most of students (90.6%) were female. There were almost equal participants from each academic year and most of the participants were Hostelites (83.6%). In knowledge assessment 88.7% students knew that hepatitis B is viral infection, 91.1% students were aware that post exposure prophylaxis includes Hep B vaccination. Awareness regarding transmission of disease by blood transfusion, sexual intercourse and needle stick injury was 67.1%, 49.8% and 61% respectively. Knowledge regarding virus causing cirrhosis, HCC and death was 62.9%,12.2% and 27.7% respectively among students. Only 56.3% of the students were vaccinated with Hep B vaccine. Among those vaccinated students only 42.5% had received all 3 doses of vaccine. Among unvaccinated students (43.7%) most of them had no particular reason for not taking vaccine followed by unawareness and forgetfulness.
Keywords Hepatitis B infection, Vaccination, Nursing students
Field Biology > Medical / Physiology
Published In Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024
Published On 2024-01-31
Cite This Vaccination Coverage and Awareness Level for Hepatitis B among the Nursing Students of Government Nursing College, Bhavnagar - A Cross Sectional Study - Vijay Sondarva, Bansi Trivedi, Mantasha Mansuri, Manthan Shah - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i01.12689
DOI https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i01.12689
Short DOI https://doi.org/gtghkt

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