International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

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Seasonal Dynamics of Butterfly Communities in Different Habitats of Ranchi, Jharkhand

Author(s) Niharika, Nupur Lal, Prabhat Kumar, Kamal Kant Patra
Country India
Abstract This research investigates the seasonal dynamics of butterfly communities across various habitats in the Ranchi district of Jharkhand. Butterflies, being sensitive indicators of environmental changes, offer valuable insights into the health and biodiversity of ecosystems. The study aimed to understand the habitat preferences, seasonal distribution patterns, and factors influencing butterfly diversity in different landscapes within the Ranchi region.
Butterflies play a crucial role in ecosystems as pollinators and are considered bioindicators of environmental health. The diversity and distribution of butterflies are influenced by various factors, including habitat type, climate, and vegetation. Ranchi, located in the state of Jharkhand, offers a diverse range of habitats, from urban green spaces to forested areas and wetlands. This research seeks to contribute to the understanding of how these diverse habitats influence the seasonal dynamics of butterfly communities.
The primary objective of this study was to assess the seasonal variations in butterfly communities across different habitats in Ranchi. Specific goals included identifying key habitat preferences of butterflies, documenting seasonal changes in species composition, and exploring potential factors influencing butterfly diversity. By achieving these objectives, the research aimed to provide valuable information for conservation and management efforts in the region.
Field surveys were conducted over a period of 12 months, covering distinct seasons in Ranchi. Sampling sites were selected to represent various habitats, including urban parks, forested areas, wetlands, and rural landscapes. Standard butterfly survey techniques, such as transect walks and netting, were employed to collect data on species composition and abundance. Additionally, environmental variables, including temperature, humidity, and vegetation cover, were recorded to analyze their potential impact on butterfly communities.
The study revealed significant seasonal variations in butterfly diversity across different habitats. Urban green spaces exhibited higher butterfly abundance during the warmer months, with a dominance of common urban-adapted species. In contrast, forested areas showcased a diverse community throughout the year, with distinct species assemblages in each season. Wetland habitats exhibited specific butterfly preferences during the monsoon season, highlighting the importance of these ecosystems for certain species.
Environmental variables played a crucial role in shaping butterfly communities. Temperature and vegetation cover were identified as key factors influencing species richness, while humidity levels correlated with the presence of specific moisture-dependent species. The observed results suggest that habitat heterogeneity and microclimatic conditions contribute to the varied patterns of butterfly diversity in Ranchi.
This research provides valuable insights into the seasonal dynamics of butterfly communities in Ranchi's diverse habitats. The findings contribute to the development of effective conservation strategies by identifying key areas for preservation and restoration. Moreover, understanding the factors influencing butterfly diversity enhances our ability to predict and mitigate the impacts of environmental changes on these important pollinators. The outcomes of this study emphasize the importance of maintaining diverse habitats for sustaining butterfly populations and, by extension, the overall health of ecosystems in the Ranchi region.
Keywords Butterfly communities, Seasonal Dynamics, Biodiversity of Ecosystems, Environmental variables, Ranchi
Field Biology > Zoology
Published In Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024
Published On 2024-02-04
Cite This Seasonal Dynamics of Butterfly Communities in Different Habitats of Ranchi, Jharkhand - Niharika, Nupur Lal, Prabhat Kumar, Kamal Kant Patra - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i01.12856
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