International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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Growth Yield and Yield Attributes of Some White Maize Varieties as Influenced by Planting Configuration

Author(s) Md. Mahirul Islam Biswas, Md. Jafar Ullah, Quazi Mostaque Mahmud, Shahrima Zahan Shormi
Country Bangladesh
Abstract A field experiment was conducted at Agronomy field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka during the period from November to April (winter season) 2015-2016. This study investigated the combined effects of four Chinese white maize varieties (V1 = Changnau-1, V2 = Q-Xiangnau-1, V3 = Changnau-6, V4 = Youngnau-7) and two planting configurations (S1 =70 cm x 25 cm and S2 = 60 cm x 25 cm) on their growth, yield, and yield attributes. The experiment was laid out in a factorial randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Significant variations were observed among the varieties for all measured parameters. Changnau-6 (V3) produced the longest cob (17.54 cm), maximum grains cob-1 (418.36), highest grain yield (8.3670 t ha-1), stover yield (9.6921 t ha-1) and biological yield (18.059 t ha-1) while Youngnau-7 (V4) had the shortest cob (12.683 cm), maximum grains cob-1 (247.53), lowest grain yield (4.8469 t ha-1), stover yield (7.957 t ha-1), biological yield (10.982 t ha-1) shortest maturation time. Planting at 70 cm x 25 cm (S1) spacing resulted in taller plants, more leaves, and longer cobs compared to 60 cm x 25 cm (S2) spacing, but yielded less grain, stover, and biomass. The interaction between variety and planting configuration further influenced the traits. Changnau-1 (V1) planted at 70 cm x 25 cm (S1) had the highest plant height, number of leaves, and days to maturity, while Changnau-6 (V3) planted at 60 cm x 25 cm (S2) achieved the highest grain yield (8.7645 t ha-1), stover yield (10.089 t ha-1) biological yield (18.853 t ha-1) and harvest index (46.487 %). Overall, the choice of variety and planting configuration significantly impacted the growth, yield, and yield attributes of white maize. Changnau-6 (V3) variety with 60 cm x 25 cm (S2) plant spacing was found to be the most promising combination for maximizing grain yield and harvest index under the conditions of this field trial.
Keywords Keywords: White maize, Variety, Planting configuration, Grain yield, Harvest index
Field Biology > Agriculture / Botany
Published In Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024
Published On 2024-03-05
Cite This Growth Yield and Yield Attributes of Some White Maize Varieties as Influenced by Planting Configuration - Md. Mahirul Islam Biswas, Md. Jafar Ullah, Quazi Mostaque Mahmud, Shahrima Zahan Shormi - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i02.14217
DOI https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i02.14217
Short DOI https://doi.org/gtmbks

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