International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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Microstructural and Current-voltage Characteristics in Mo/HfO2/n‑Si Based Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor (MIS) Diode using Different Methods for Optoelectronic Device Applications

Author(s) G. Nagaraju, N.V. Srihari, M. Vani, R. Jaya Madhuri, V. Manjunath, M. Renuka, B. Rajitha, Saripiralla Basamma, S. Himagirish Kumar, P. R. Sekhar Reddy
Country India
Abstract This paper investigates the effect of hafnium dioxide (HfO2) thin film as interlayer between the Mo and n-Si semiconductor on the electrical characteristics of the Mo/n-Si Schottky diode (SD). The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirmed that HfO2 films were formed on the n-Si semiconductors. The image from SEM and AFM displays that the deposited HfO2 thin film had a uniform appearance good smoothness of the surface. The smooth surfaces of the insulating layer strongly influence the electrical properties of the diode. The electrical properties of the Mo/HfO2/n-Si metal/insulator/semiconductor (MIS) diode were obtained via current-voltage (I-V) measurements in the voltage range from −3 V to +3 V at room temperature. A better rectifying ability and a reduced reverse leakage current were demonstrated by the MIS diode. The MIS dide's barrier height (Bh) and ideality factor value were calculated to be 0.85 eV and 1.21, respectively. The MIS diode was able to achieve a higher b, which allowed the HfO2 interlayer to change BH. The calculated BH values from the I-V, Hernandez, Cheung, and Norde approaches were comparable to one another, demonstrating their validity and consistency. The MIS diode's forward bias log (I) - log (V) curve demonstrated that it was ohmic in low-voltage regimes and that conduction was space-charge-limited in high-voltage regimes. However, for the MIS diode, the Poole-Frenkel and Schottky emissions are the dominant current conduction mechanisms in the lower and higher bias regions. These outcomes indicate that the HfO2 film can be chosen as dielectric materials in the construction of MIS devices.
Keywords High-k HfO2, n-type Si, MIS diode, structural and electrical properties.
Field Physics > Electric
Published In Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024
Published On 2024-04-01
Cite This Microstructural and Current-voltage Characteristics in Mo/HfO2/n‑Si Based Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor (MIS) Diode using Different Methods for Optoelectronic Device Applications - G. Nagaraju, N.V. Srihari, M. Vani, R. Jaya Madhuri, V. Manjunath, M. Renuka, B. Rajitha, Saripiralla Basamma, S. Himagirish Kumar, P. R. Sekhar Reddy - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i02.16012
DOI https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i02.16012
Short DOI https://doi.org/gtpw8b

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