International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

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Human Campylobacteriosis: A Threat for Public Health

Author(s) Sejal Malik
Country India
Abstract Global public health is seriously threatened by human campylobacteriosis, which is mostly caused with the bacteria Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. An extensive summary of the disease's epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, therapy, and preventive measures is provided in this abstract.

Poultry is a key reservoir for campylobacteriosis, one of the most common foodborne illnesses in the world. Via direct contact with sick animals or by consuming tainted food or water, the virus can spread. Warmer months see a rise in its incidence, which reflects varying seasons and environmental factors.

When ingested, certain species of Campylobacter invade the gastrointestinal tract and produce symptoms that can range from a minor case of gastroenteritis to more serious consequences like Guillain-Barré syndrome. Young children and those with impaired immune systems are especially susceptible to its crippling consequences.

Microbiological culture techniques are the mainstay of diagnosis, while molecular methods are becoming more and more popular because of their superior sensitivity and specificity. For proper therapy and to reduce the risk of complications, early identification is essential.

In severe cases, treatment usually consists of supportive care and antibiotics, albeit there are hurdles due to the growth of antimicrobial resistance. Furthermore, preventive measures include appropriate food handling procedures, stringent cleanliness standards, and focused vaccination programs for livestock.

Even with improvements in knowledge and treatment, human campylobacteriosis is still a serious public health issue. Because of its complicated epidemiology and the resilience of the Campylobacter species, it is imperative to use a variety of strategies to stop its spread.

In summary, human campylobacteriosis poses a persistent risk to public health, requiring constant monitoring, investigation, and cross-sector cooperation.
We can work to lessen its impact on society and protect the welfare of people everywhere by improving our comprehension of its mechanisms and putting in place efficient control measures.
Keywords Campylobacteriosis, Public health, Epidemiology
Field Biology > Medical / Physiology
Published In Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024
Published On 2024-04-15
Cite This Human Campylobacteriosis: A Threat for Public Health - Sejal Malik - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i02.17332
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