International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 3 May-June 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of June to publish your research paper in the issue of May-June.

An Evaluation of The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Performance of SMEs in Zambia: A Conceptual Perspective

Author(s) Sidney Kawimbe, Pride Mulonga
Country Zambia
Abstract Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) contribute a significant portion to Zambia’s economy, playing vital roles in employment, revenue generation, and societal development. Despite their importance, SMEs in Zambia face challenges, including high failure rates attributed to ineffective management and unsuitable leadership. Leadership is crucial for organizational success, yet its impact on SME performance in Zambia remains underexplored. This research aims to assess the influence of leadership styles on Zambian SMEs' performance. The study is rooted in the understanding that effective leadership is essential for organizational success, particularly in SMEs facing dynamic and competitive environments. Drawing on existing literature, the research examines various leadership styles, including transformational, transactional, laissez-faire, and servant leadership. Leadership styles have significant implications for organizational performance. Transformational leadership inspires followers to surpass expectations and fosters innovation and employee motivation. Transactional leadership focuses on goal setting and rewards, ensuring compliance but may limit long-term growth. Laissez-faire leadership grants autonomy but risks organizational disorganization. Servant leadership prioritizes employee well-being, adaptability, and long-term sustainability, aligning closely with SME needs. The study suggests that servant leadership is particularly well-suited for managing Zambian SMEs due to its emphasis on employee engagement, adaptability, talent retention, organizational culture, and long-term sustainability. By fostering a supportive environment, empowering employees, and promoting a positive organizational culture, servant leaders can navigate the challenges faced by Zambian SMEs and nurture their growth and success. In conclusion, effective leadership is crucial for Zambian SMEs to thrive in today's competitive landscape. Servant leadership emerges as a promising approach for managing SMEs, offering a holistic framework that prioritizes employee well-being and organizational sustainability. Recommendations include fostering servant leadership practices among SME culture and contribute to Zambia’s economy.
Keywords Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Performance, SMEs, Organisational behaviour
Field Business Administration
Published In Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024
Published On 2024-05-07
Cite This An Evaluation of The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Performance of SMEs in Zambia: A Conceptual Perspective - Sidney Kawimbe, Pride Mulonga - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.19005
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