International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 4 July-August 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of August to publish your research paper in the issue of July-August.

Punishing the Innocent: An Insight into Wrongly Convicted Individuals

Author(s) Muskan Sahni
Country India
Abstract Wrongful convictions have increasingly plagued the Indian criminal justice system. Instances of innocent individuals being wrongfully prosecuted suggest that some states witness convictions at trial stages, only for the accused to be acquitted upon appeal. However, there is no established system for identifying or tracking individuals wrongfully convicted, as state officials do not maintain records of acquittals or discharges. This lack of oversight perpetuates erroneous miscarriages of justice, resulting in innocent individuals not only losing their rights but also facing social alienation.
This study examines the phenomenon of wrongful convictions in India, exploring its causes, consequences, and potential solutions. Drawing upon legal analysis and case laws, this study identifies various factors contributing to wrongful convictions, including flawed investigation procedures, police misconduct, inadequate legal representation, and systemic issues within the criminal justice system. Furthermore, it highlights the social, psychological, and economic tolls experienced by wrongfully convicted individuals and their families. The study also discusses the challenges faced in rectifying wrongful convictions and proposes a range of reforms aimed at preventing future injustices, such as improving investigation techniques, enhancing legal aid services, strengthening judicial oversight, and promoting public awareness and advocacy. By addressing the root causes of wrongful convictions and implementing systemic reforms, India can strive towards a more equitable and just legal system that upholds the rights and dignity of all individuals.
In addition the purpose of this study to find out what approaches the state utilizes to resolve this issue of wrongful conviction and also aims to emphasize what are the remedies already available under existing laws and also to underline the need of standard legal framework for looking compensations to victims of wrongful convictions.
Field Sociology > Administration / Law / Management
Published In Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024
Published On 2024-04-30
Cite This Punishing the Innocent: An Insight into Wrongly Convicted Individuals - Muskan Sahni - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 2, March-April 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i02.19040
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