International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 3 May-June 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of June to publish your research paper in the issue of May-June.

Exploring the Dynamics of section 41A and anticipatory bail: Evolution, Judicial discretion and Legal Reform

Author(s) Shruti Agrawal
Country India
Abstract The Indian criminal justice system faces challenges in both investigation procedures and pre-arrest safeguards. This paper addresses two such issues. Firstly, the current method for summoning people for investigations, reliant on Sections 160 and 41A of the CrPC, is susceptible to misuse by police. Particularly Section 41A, which allows notices beyond jurisdictional limits, is often abused. This paper proposes a reformed system based on practices in other countries: considering the magistrate's jurisdiction instead of police stations, implementing fines for those who don't have a valid reason for disobeying notices, and requiring warrants for arrests under 41A notices. These reforms would prevent misuse of power, lessen apprehension of arrest, and create a more efficient system for summoning people outside jurisdictional limits.
Secondly, the paper examines the concept of anticipatory bail in India. Often portrayed in popular media as a tool for the wealthy to evade justice, anticipatory bail was introduced to protect innocent people from harassment. However, the provision's reliance on judicial discretion has led to inconsistencies in application. This paper analyses the jurisprudence surrounding anticipatory bail, from its introduction to the recent Bhartiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS) of 2023. It explores the evolution of the concept, the legal framework in Section 438 of the CrPC, judicial interpretations, and the impact of the BNSS on judicial discretion in granting anticipatory bail. By addressing both investigative procedures and pre-arrest safeguards, this paper aims to contribute to a more balanced and effective criminal justice system in India.
Published In Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024
Published On 2024-05-14
Cite This Exploring the Dynamics of section 41A and anticipatory bail: Evolution, Judicial discretion and Legal Reform - Shruti Agrawal - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.20212
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