International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 3 May-June 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of June to publish your research paper in the issue of May-June.

Powdered Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a Biosorbent for the Removal of Iron (II)

Author(s) Aaron Lance R. Manalo, Fiona Daphne G. Gramata, Jamie Lee Ann S. Banzon, Mario Jose R. Sumalinog II
Country Philippines
Abstract Iron (II) sulfate is a compound that is a waste byproduct in metal industries, contributing to excess iron levels present in water bodies. Iron (II) sulfate removal techniques include precipitation, filtration, and oxidation, which are effective but are more complex and costly. These techniques are largely affected by ion solubility, pH level of water, and the presence of other metal ions. Changes in pH can lead to the precipitation of other metal ions present and failure to filter properly may cause them to sediment and sink to the bottom. This research studied the potential of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a low-cost adsorbent for the removal of ferrous sulfate. Batch adsorption studies resulted in the adsorption capacity ranging around 200-350 mg/g, where increasing adsorbent dose correlated to an increase in percent removal but decrease in adsorption capacity. The percentage removal also increased with higher temperature, while the effect of agitation speed plateaued from 145 RPM above. The adsorption process conforms to pseudo-second-order kinetics with an R2>0.96 and Freundlich isotherm model with R2>0.97. FTIR analysis of cogongrass before and after FeSO4 adsorption shows significant shifts in the IR spectrum, indicating new chemical bond formations, particularly with hydroxyl and carboxyl groups. Initially, peaks were identified for various functional groups like hydroxyls, alkanes, anhydrides, alkenes, and siloxanes. Post-adsorption, notable changes include the shifting and appearance of new peaks in hydroxyl, alkene, lignin, amine, and sulfonic acid bands, suggesting interactions with iron sulfate and the formation of organometallic complexes.
Keywords adsorption, cogon grass, ferrous sulfate, iron
Field Chemistry
Published In Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024
Published On 2024-05-14
Cite This Powdered Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a Biosorbent for the Removal of Iron (II) - Aaron Lance R. Manalo, Fiona Daphne G. Gramata, Jamie Lee Ann S. Banzon, Mario Jose R. Sumalinog II - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.20281
DOI https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.20281
Short DOI https://doi.org/gtt8s3

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