International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 3 May-June 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of June to publish your research paper in the issue of May-June.

Quality of Life and Geriatric Depression among Elderly Residents in Old Age Homes and Domestic Environments in Kerala.

Author(s) Sahla V A, Remya Chithran K.C.
Country India
Abstract Aging is a natural and essential part of human life. The Quality of Life (QoL) for the elders indicates their overall well-being and might be a risk factor for many conditions like geriatric depression. The study aims to compare older people living in domestic environments with those in Old Age Homes (OAH) to examine the variations in life quality and the prevalence of geriatric depression. The study followed a mixed-method approach and was conducted in two phases. Phase 1 includes a comprehensive understanding of QoL and geriatric depression that was established by an in-depth random data collection from 80 older adults aged between 60 and 90 years in Kerala, India, using the WHOQOL-BREF and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Data was then analyzed statistically by using an independent sample t-test, Karl Pearson's correlation, linear regression, and descriptive statistics. In Phase 2, by using semi-structured interviews, a random sample of eight people aged between 60 and 80 years was chosen from the Phase 1 pool which involved comparing and identifying the factors influencing geriatric depression and QoL in both living situations using thematic analysis. The findings show that there is a significant negative relationship between quality of life and geriatric depression among older individuals. The elders in old age homes reported a higher quality of life and lower geriatric depression. There were negligible gender differences. Physical, psychological, social, and environmental factors affect the quality of life and geriatric depression. The study also reveals that old age homes provide a better environment for elderly care compared to domestic environments, as they provide enhanced social support, structured caregiving, and better access to healthcare. This study thus paves the way for more compassionate approaches to elderly care and well-being.
Keywords Keywords: Quality of life (QoL), Geriatric depression, Elderly, Old age homes (OAH), Domestic environments.
Field Sociology > Philosophy / Psychology / Religion
Published In Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024
Published On 2024-05-19
Cite This Quality of Life and Geriatric Depression among Elderly Residents in Old Age Homes and Domestic Environments in Kerala. - Sahla V A, Remya Chithran K.C. - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.20692
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