International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

E-ISSN: 2582-2160     Impact Factor: 9.24

A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 3 May-June 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of June to publish your research paper in the issue of May-June.

Biosynthesis of Curcuminoids with Insights into the Phylogeny of Curcuma and Genetic Engineering of Curcuminoid Production

Author(s) Tahoora Iman
Country India
Abstract Turmeric, known as the "Golden Spice of India," has been used in food and medicine for centuries. Produced by the Curcuma genus of the Zingiberaceae family, turmeric is valued in the pharmaceutical industry. India is home to about 53 Curcuma species, with Curcuma longa being the most widely cultivated, especially in Maharashtra, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the North Eastern states. Curcuma is notable for producing curcuminoids—curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin—which have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial, and other health benefits. These compounds have been a research focus due to their potential in treating various diseases, including cancer. Despite their benefits, curcuminoids have limited bioavailability, prompting extensive research into enhancing their therapeutic use. Genetic studies and chemical analyses suggest that curcuminoid production follows a specific pattern. A novel polyketide from Oryza sativa has shown potential for one-pot curcuminoid synthesis through bioengineering. Research labs have successfully produced curcuminoids in vitro using bioengineered microbes. This review explores curcuminoid biosynthesis in Curcuma species via type III polyketides and CoA condensation, highlighting bioengineering efforts for large-scale curcuminoid production.
Keywords Curcuma longa, curcuminoids, biosynthesis, Type III Polyketide syntheses, CURS, DCS, CUS
Field Biology > Genetics / Molecular
Published In Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024
Published On 2024-05-26
Cite This Biosynthesis of Curcuminoids with Insights into the Phylogeny of Curcuma and Genetic Engineering of Curcuminoid Production - Tahoora Iman - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 3, May-June 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.21185
DOI https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i03.21185
Short DOI https://doi.org/gtwmn6

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