International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

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A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

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Innovative Technologies for Waste Water Treatment

Author(s) Shalini Kumari
Abstract Wastewater treatment allows human and industrial effluents to be disposed of without danger to human health or unacceptable damage to the natural environment. Irrigation with wastewater is both disposal and utilization and indeed is an effective form of wastewater disposal (as in slow-rate land treatment). The aim of this paper is to provide a review on the usage of different innovative technologies such as bio-reactor septic tank and immobilising commonly employed photocatalysts for degradation of organic pollutants. The immobilisation of nano-sized photocatalysts can eliminate costly and impractical post-treatment recovery of spent photocatalysts in large scale operations. Some commonly employed immobilisation aids such as glass, carbonaceous substances, zeolites, clay and ceramics, polymers, cellulosic materials and metallic agents that have been previously discussed by various research groups have been reviewed. Another, technology for minimizing waste water is by using bio-reactor septic tank for treating waste water. In India, 70 percent of households are using septic tank systems for the sewage treatment. Investigation deals with plan, design and to develop a low cost new septic tank system namely “Bio-Reactor Septic Tank” to solve the pollution problem of effluents from septic tank and also to fulfill the requirement of water demand. The term “septic” refers to the anaerobic bacterial environment that develops in the tank which decomposes or mineralizes the waste discharged into the tank. In Bio-Reactor Septic tank, instead of soak pit three filter media is used namely Coir filter, Surkhi adsorbent and Sand filter.
Keywords Immobilisation, Photocatalysis, Sewage, Filter Media, Bioreactor septic tank
Field Biology > Bio + Chemistry
Published In Volume 1, Issue 3, November-December 2019
Published On 2019-11-17
Cite This Innovative Technologies for Waste Water Treatment - Shalini Kumari - IJFMR Volume 1, Issue 3, November-December 2019.

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