International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research
A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal
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Volume 5 Issue 6
Maritime Law: International Treaties, UNCLOS Principles, and Ghanaian-ivorian Petroleum Dispute
|Author(s)||George Benneh Mensah|
|Abstract||International maritime regimes play a crucial role in ensuring the equitable distribution of resources and the resolution of disputes among nations. The Ghanaian maritime jurisprudence, specifically the Ghanaian-Ivorian maritime petroleum exploration dispute arbitration at the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea, exemplifies the significance of international maritime treaties, UNCLOS, customary maritime practices, and equitable principles of laws.
Firstly, international maritime treaties serve as a framework for cooperation and conflict resolution among nations. These agreements establish guidelines for resource exploitation, environmental protection, and jurisdictional boundaries. In the case of Ghana and Ivory Coast's dispute over petroleum exploration rights in their overlapping maritime zones, adherence to international treaties such as UNCLOS was pivotal in resolving this issue peacefully. The tribunal's decision was based on legal principles outlined in these treaties, ensuring fairness and justice for both parties involved. Secondly, customary maritime practices are essential in shaping national legislation and judicial decisions. These practices are developed over time through consistent state practice and acceptance by other states. In Ghana's maritime jurisprudence, customary practices have played a significant role in determining territorial boundaries and resource allocation. By recognizing these practices as legally binding precedents, Ghana has demonstrated its commitment to upholding equitable principles of laws within its jurisdiction. Furthermore, the arbitration process at the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea showcases how international organizations can contribute to resolving complex disputes between nations. The tribunal acts as an impartial adjudicator that applies international law to settle conflicts related to oceanic resources. Its decision-making process is guided by established legal norms and precedents set by previous cases. This ensures consistency and predictability in resolving similar disputes in the future.
In conclusion, international maritime regimes are vital for maintaining peace, stability, and fairness among nations with regards to oceanic resources. The Ghanaian-Ivorian dispute serves as a testament to how adherence to international treaties such as UNCLOS can lead to peaceful resolutions through arbitration processes. By recognizing customary maritime practices and upholding equitable principles of laws, Ghana has demonstrated its commitment to international maritime law and the pursuit of justice. It is imperative for all nations to embrace these principles and work together to ensure the sustainable development and equitable distribution of maritime resources.
|Keywords||International Maritime Regimes, Equitable Principles of Laws, Ghanaian Maritime Jurisprudence, Ghanaian-Ivorian Dispute, UNCLOS, Ghanaian Customary Maritime Practices|
|Field||Sociology > Administration / Law / Management|
|Published In||Volume 5, Issue 6, November-December 2023|
|Cite This||Maritime Law: International Treaties, UNCLOS Principles, and Ghanaian-ivorian Petroleum Dispute - George Benneh Mensah - IJFMR Volume 5, Issue 6, November-December 2023. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2023.v05i06.8504|
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