International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research

E-ISSN: 2582-2160     Impact Factor: 9.24

A Widely Indexed Open Access Peer Reviewed Multidisciplinary Bi-monthly Scholarly International Journal

Call for Paper Volume 6 Issue 2 March-April 2024 Submit your research before last 3 days of April to publish your research paper in the issue of March-April.

Sustainable Management of Red Mud: Life Cycle Assessment and Treatment Techniques

Author(s) REMISHA S R, RESHMI R, NITHYALAKSHMI B
Country India
Abstract Red mud is a strongly alkaline leaching solid hazardous waste material generated in the Bayer process of alumina production. India ranks 4th place in alumina production. According to the Ministry of Mines (Oct 2022), India produces 9 million tonnes of red mud annually. In nature, red mud is highly alkaline. The high alkalinity and caustic content of red mud will contaminate
the groundwater and fertile soil, and also there is a limitation on the utilization of red mud. Due to its low utilization ratio, large amounts of red mud are stacked in disposal areas, which may cause water pollution, soil salinization and heavy metal pollution. Red mud contains toxic metals such as arsenic, chromium, lead, nickel, zinc and radioactive elements such as thorium, potassium, and uranium, which cause severe effects on the environment and also on our health.
The objective is to examine the environmental impact, utilization methods and treatment process of the red mud (bauxite residue). Also, scrutinize the biodegradation of heavy metals in red mud.
Field Engineering
Published In Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024
Published On 2024-01-27
Cite This Sustainable Management of Red Mud: Life Cycle Assessment and Treatment Techniques - REMISHA S R, RESHMI R, NITHYALAKSHMI B - IJFMR Volume 6, Issue 1, January-February 2024. DOI 10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i01.12525
DOI https://doi.org/10.36948/ijfmr.2024.v06i01.12525
Short DOI https://doi.org/gtghnd

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